Doris Berchtold’s systems-level study on molecular regulators of 6 membraneless organelles in human cells is now online. Check it out here.
Doris Berchtold’s paper entitled ‘A systems-level study reveals regulators of membrane-less organelles in human cells’ is accepted for publication. Congratulations!!
This work performed parallel large-scale gene perturbation screens in human cells on 6 membraneless organelles, and applied advanced computer vision and multivariate analyses to quantify effects on the morphology and abundance of these organelles at the single-cell level for each of the perturbed genes. This generated an unprecedented resource for deciphering the homeostasis of these organelles, identifying specific regulators, revealing regulatory crosstalk between organelles, and for finding hierarchical interactions between membraneless organelles and the phenotypic state of cells, shining new light on their cell physiological roles. Following up on PML nuclear bodies revealed that the dual-specificity kinases HIPK1/2 control their abundance, which may be a means to regulate progression through S phase.
Doris Popovic‘s paper entitled ‘Multivariate Control of Transcript to Protein Variability in Single Mammalian Cells’ has been accepted for publication. Congratulations!!
This work reports that correlations between mRNA and protein abundance of the same gene across thousands of single cells are often quite high, and that single cells that are outliers of such linear correlations are, moreover, the result of a gene-specific adaptation of mRNA-to-protein ratios to properties of the phenotypic state and microenvironment of individual cells. Accounting for this allows an accurate prediction of protein abundance in single cells. Using gene induction of JUN illustrates that these properties of single cells can influence mRNA-protein relationships at multiple levels in sometimes non-intuitive ways, involving adaptation of transcription, nuclear export, protein translation, and mRNA decay. Finally, the work shows that also subcellular patterns of JUN transcripts vary non-randomly between single cells and are adapted to the extent of local cell crowding, which may contribute to determining cell-to-cell variability in mRNA-to-protein ratios.
Gabriele‘s paper entitled ‘Multiplexed protein maps link subcellular organization to cellular states’ has been accepted for publication. Congratulations!!
This work reports the development of iterative indirect immunofluoresence imaging (4i), which allows 40-plex immunostaining of hundreds of thousands of single cells using conventional primary and secondary antibodies in high-throughput. Combined with cellular computer vision, this generates a wealth of quantitative information about biological samples from the millimeter to the nanometer scale. It also reports a novel pixel-based computational approach that allows the unsupervised comprehensive quantification of protein sub-compartmentalization within various multicellular, cellular, and pharmacological contexts. These approaches have enormous potential for biomedicine in both fundamental research, diagnostics and personalized medicine.
Arpan‘s paper entitled ‘Kinase-controlled phase transition of membrane-less organelles in mitosis’ has been accepted for publication. Congratulations!!
This work shows that the dual-specificity kinase DYRK3 drives the dissolution of membrane-less organelles as cells undergo cell division, and adds to our increasing evidence that DYRK kinases represent a novel class of cellular regulators that control liquid phase transitions in cells (see also Wippich et al., 2013).
Reinoud’s paper is featured on the cover of the January 2018 issue of Molecular Systems Biology.